Guide to Farming

From Civ13 Wiki

Being a grower of crops is an important role. You farm both food and cash crops. Growing food is vital for a nation to increase in wealth and power.

Tools

To farm, you will require some basic tools.

Item Image Description
Knife
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Used for harvesting crops. Can be made out of Wood, Bone, Copper, Bronze, Iron, Steel, Silver, Gold and Diamond.
Plough
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A plough is made out of wood and used to plough fields for farming! Used once on the grass and once on the dirt underneath the grass. You can also plough snowy dirt and flooded plains dirt (found along the jungle rivers). In case of snowy grass, you will have to shovel the snow first. Lastly, there are places where you cannot plough: infertile soil, permafrost etc. You can also make an iron plough out of iron ingots to plough land faster.
Trench shovel
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A trench shovel is made out of iron ingots and a wooden handle. A trench shovel (as the name suggests) digs trenches, to dig a trench simple click a dirt tile two times also you can flood trenches by putting them next to a water source. Useful for large scale farming.
Seeds
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Some sort of seeds to plant and grow. You may find seeds simply lying on the ground, but you can also collect them in the wilderness by using any type of knife on bushes and small bushes.
Seed collector
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Made out of leather. Very useful for picking up seeds during large-scale farming. Have a seed collector in your active hand, stand over the seeds on the ground, then click the collector or press Ctrl-Z, and you will put the seeds in the bag. Just do not misplace it.

Farming

Just plough a plot of land, surround said plot of land with trenches filled with fresh water or plough near a river, put some seeds in the ground and watch them grow! Well, it is a bit more nuanced.

Watering

Plants need water, some more, others less. Weather conditions and climate also affect the crops in this regard. Each crop has a maximum water level when planted.

Normally, the water level decreases at the rate of 15 per minute, and when it reaches zero, the plants wither away. However, in the hot climates of the Desert and Semi-Arid biomes, water consumption is 25 per minute. On top of that, in the event of a heatwave, plants will require more water than usual - additional 10 per minute.

There are a few ways to provide the crops with water:

  • Plough land within two tiles of fresh water, which is any water, except for the saltwater. The plants will have all the water they need without any extra labor.
  • Dig a water channel from the nearest fresh water to irrigate remote fields. For this a trench shovel is required, which becomes available at the 14 industrial research mark. Dig the first trench on a lakeshore or on a riverbank, then the second trench next to the first one and so on. Farming fields should be within two tiles of the water channel as well.
  • Water the plants manually. Bring the fresh water in Buckets and Barrels and splash it on the ploughed field (not the plant).
  • Pray for the eternal rain. Rain will water the fields (at the rate of 15 per minute), but may create other inconveniences.

Fertilizing

Many kinds of animals leave manure on the ground, which could be used to fertilize a ploughed field. Fertilizing one tile will affect all adjacent tiles or nine tiles in total. Plants that grow on the fertilized soil produce twice as much harvest.

Severe weather

Be aware that blizzards will freeze the plants and kill them. A heatwave, as noted in the Watering section, will cause the crops to consume more water than usual. Sandstorms will also destroy the plants. You can try to cover them during the winter with tents, however, be sure to remove them in spring or they won't keep growing!

Skill

Every time you make a ploughed field and plant seeds you gain more insight into the business of agriculture. When your farming skill reaches 1.6, examining a plant will, in general terms, tell you whether it has enough water. At 2.2, you will be able to determine the exact water level of a plant.

Biomes and seasons

Different biomes have different plants that could be cultivated in them. Take notice, that some plants grow only in certain seasons. Biome restriction applies only to the largest maps: Continents, Pangea and New World.

Wet (winter and spring) and dry (summer and fall) seasons apply to the Desert, Savanna and Jungles biomes.

Crop catalogue

Crop Biome Season Max
Water Level
Description
Tundra Taiga Temperate Sea Semi-Arid Desert Savanna Jungle

Rice X X X All 30 Used as food and to make sake.
Apricot X X X X All 40 Used as food.
Cherry X X X X All 40 Used as food.
Banana X X All 45 Used as food.
Barley X X X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Wet 50 Used as food and to make beer.
Beans X X X X X X All 50 Used as food.
Cotton X X X X Spring, Summer, Wet, Dry 50 Used to make Cloth.
Oat X X X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Wet 50 Used as food.
Wheat X X X X X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Wet 50 Used to feed cattle, make flour and beer.
Tea X X X X All 50 Drinkable, used to cure illnesses and treat toxin damage.
Tomato X X X X X X Spring, Summer, Wet, Dry 55 Used as food.
Tobacco X X X X All 55 Used to make cigars and cigarettes.
Mushroom X X X X X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter, Wet 55 Used as food.
Flax X X X All 60 Used to make retted fabric.
Hemp X X X X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Wet, Dry 60 Used to make rope, retted fabric and joints.
Sugarcane X X X All 60 Used to make sugar.
Grapes X X X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Wet, Dry 65 Used as food and to make wine.
Corn X X X X X X X Spring, Summer, Wet, Dry 70 Used as food.
Cabbage X X X X X All 70 Used as food.
Olives X X X X All 70 Used as food and to make olive oil.
Carrot X X X X X X X X All 75 Used as food.
Potato X X X All 75 Used as food and to make vodka.
Poppy X X X All 75 A painkiller.
Lime X X X X X All 75 Used as food.
Lemon X X X X X All 75 Used as food.
Apple X X X X X All 75 Used as food.
Orange X X X X X All 75 Used as food.
Coca X X All 75 Used to make cocaine.
Bamboo X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter, Wet 80 A construction material.
Coffee X X X X All 80 A stimulant, temporarily increase movement speed.
Tree X X X X X X X X Spring, Summer, Fall, Wet, Dry 80 Cultivated to obtain Wood.
Melon X X X Spring, Summer, Wet 90 Used as food.
Pumpkin X X X All 90 Used as food.
Peyote X All 100 A painkiller, slowly heals brain damage.
Coconut X X All 100 Used as food.